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organic compound

Thursday 31 July 2008

Definition: An organic compound is any member of a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon.

For historical reasons discussed below, a few types of compounds such as carbonates, simple oxides of carbon and cyanides, as well as the allotropes of carbon, are considered inorganic elements (inorganic compounds).

Examples

- hydrocarbons and functional groups

  • - organic acids

- aliphatic compounds
- aromatic and alicyclic compounds
- polymers
- biomolecules

  • nucleic acids (DNA, RNA)
  • amino acids and proteins
  • carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides)
  • lipids

- small molecule intermediates

See also

- long-chain biopolymers

  • proteins
  • DNA
  • RNA
  • polysaccharides

- organic reactions
- inorganic elements (inorganic compunds).