Home > D. Systemic pathology > Genetic and developmental anomalies > lymphedema, microcephaly, chorioretinopathy syndrome

lymphedema, microcephaly, chorioretinopathy syndrome

MIM.152950

Tuesday 7 February 2012

MLCRD syndrome

Etiology

- KIF11 mutations in individuals with syndromic autosomal-dominant microcephaly associated with lymphedema and/or chorioretinopathy.

  • Initial whole-exome sequencing revealed heterozygous KIF11 mutations in three individuals with a combination of microcephaly and lymphedema from a microcephaly-lymphedema-chorioretinal-dysplasia cohort.
  • Subsequent Sanger sequencing of KIF11 in a further 15 unrelated microcephalic probands with lymphedema and/or chorioretinopathy identified additional heterozygous mutations in 12 of them.
  • KIF11 encodes EG5, a homotetramer kinesin motor.
  • The variety of mutations (two nonsense, two splice site, four missense, and six indels causing frameshifts) are all predicted to have an impact on protein function.
  • EG5 has previously been shown to play a role in spindle assembly and function, and these findings highlight the critical role of proteins necessary for spindle formation in CNS development.
  • Identification of KIF11 mutations in patients with chorioretinopathy and lymphedema suggests that EG5 is involved in the development and maintenance of retinal and lymphatic structures.

References

- Mutations in KIF11 Cause Autosomal-Dominant Microcephaly Variably Associated with Congenital Lymphedema and Chorioretinopathy. Ostergaard P, Simpson MA, Mendola A, Vasudevan P, Connell FC, van Impel A, Moore AT, Loeys BL, Ghalamkarpour A, Onoufriadis A, Martinez-Corral I, Devery S, Leroy JG, van Laer L, Singer A, Bialer MG, McEntagart M, Quarrell O, Brice G, Trembath RC, Schulte-Merker S, Makinen T, Vikkula M, Mortimer PS, Mansour S, Jeffery S. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Jan 24. PMID: #22284827#