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ENs

Wednesday 5 June 2013

Engrailed homeobox transcription factors

Biomarker

- bladder cancer (23434148)

  • Engrailed-2 (EN2) transcription factor is expressed in, and secreted by, bladder cancer cell lines and patient tumour specimens, justifying an evaluation of urinary
  • EN2 as a diagnostic biomarker in bladder cancer using archived samples from an established biospecimen collection.
  • In patients with NMIBC, urinary EN2 was detected in most cases with an overall sensitivity of 82% and specificity of 75%.
  • The sensitivity for stage Ta and T1 tumours was 71% and 76%, respectively, and 94% for stage T2+ tumours. This compares favourably with existing markers.
  • The sensitivity for tumour grades 1, 2 and 3 was 69%, 78% and 87%, respectively.
  • Urinary EN2 has the potential to be a more sensitive and specific protein biomarker for NMIBC than currently available tests.

See also

- EN2

References

- Expression of Engrailed-2 (EN2) protein in bladder cancer and its potential utility as a urinary diagnostic biomarker. Morgan R, Bryan RT, Javed S, Launchbury F, Zeegers MP, Cheng KK, James ND, Wallace DM, Hurst CD, Ward DG, Knowles MA, Pandha H. Eur J Cancer. 2013 Feb 21. doi : pii: S0959-8049(13)00081-6. 10.1016/j.ejca.2013.01.019 PMID: 23434148

- Engrailed homeobox transcription factors as potential markers and targets in cancer. McGrath SE, Michael A, Pandha H, Morgan R. FEBS Lett. 2013 Mar 18;587(6):549-54. doi : 10.1016/j.febslet.2013.01.054 PMID: 23395604