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endometrial carcinomas

Monday 8 September 2014

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In western countries, endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common malignant tumour of the female genital tract, accounting for 10–20 per 100 000 person-years.

Endometrial cancer (EC) accounts for 7% of the new cases of female cancers in United States in 2017 and its incidence is increasing.

The most standardized classification divides EC in two different subtypes:
- type I or endometrioid carcinomas (EEC), which is the most frequent subtype;
- type II or non-endometrioid carcinomas (NEEC), which are more aggressive tumors.

Among NEEC subtypes, serous is the most prominent histology.

Moreover, EC tumors are classified according to the extent of tumor dissemination (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics or FIGO staging) and histological grade.

About 20% of patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage and/or at a high histological tumor grade and have a low 5-year survival rate associated.

Types

- uterine endometrioid carcinoma
- uterine papillary serous carcinoma
- uterine clear cell carcinoma

See also

- endometrial tumors

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