Sunday 21 August 2016
Definition: Anatomical pathology is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on morphology of cells and tissues, the macroscopic, microscopic examination of organs and tissues.
Over the last century, anatomical pathology has evolved tremendously: from historical examination of whole bodies (autopsy) to a more modernized practice, centered on the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer to guide treatment decision-making in oncology.
Its modern founder was the Italian scientist Giovan Battista Morgagni from Forlì.
Anatomical pathology is one of two branches of clinical pathology, the other being biological pathology, the diagnosis of disease through the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids and/or tissues.
Often, clinical pathologists practice both anatomical pathology and biological pathology. Similar specialties exist in veterinary pathology.