- Human pathology

Home > E. Pathology by systems > Reproductive system > Female genital system > Fallopian tubes > fallopian tubes

fallopian tubes

Monday 8 December 2003

salpinx. Adj. tubal


Definition : The Fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or salpinges (singular salpinx), are two very fine tubes lined with ciliated epithelia, leading from the ovaries of female mammals into the uterus, via the uterotubal junction. They enable the passage of egg cells from the ovaries to the uterus. In non-mammalian vertebrates, the equivalent structures are called oviducts.


- tubal mucosa

- tubal muscular layer / tubal smooth muscle
- tubal subserosa
- tubal serosa

The serosa is derived from visceral peritoneum.
Subserosa is composed of loose adventitious tissue, blood vessels, lymphatics.
Muscular layer is an outer longitudinal and inner circular smooth muscle coats. This layer is responsible for the peristaltic action of the Fallopian tubes.
Lamina propria is a vascular connective tissue.

Pathology : tubal pathology

- fallopian tube malformations
- fallopian tube anomalies

- fallopian tube diseases
- fallopian tube tumors



See also

- fallopian tubes development
- female genital system