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Home > E. Pathology by systems > Reproductive system > Female genital system > Vulva > vulva


Monday 12 February 2018

Adj. vulvar


Definition: The vulva consists of the external female sex organs.

The vulva includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, vulval vestibule, clitoris, the bulbs of the vestibule, urinary meatus, the vaginal opening, and vestibular glands : Bartholin glands and Skene glands.

The urinary meatus is also included as it opens into the vulval vestibule.

Other features of the vulva include: the pudendal cleft , sebaceous glands, the urogenital triangle (anterior part of the perineum), and pubic hair. The vulva includes the entrance to the vagina, which leads to the uterus, and provides a double layer of protection for this by the folds of the outer and inner labia. Pelvic floor muscles support the structures of the vulva. Other muscles of the urogenital triangle also give support.


- vulvar cutaneous anomalies
- vulvar mucosal anomalies
- vulvar glandular anomalies
- vulvar tumoral anomalies