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cervical carcinomas

Tuesday 13 July 2004

uterine cervical carcinoma

Classification

Histologic subtypes of invasive cervical carcinoma include the following:

- cervical squamous cell carcinoma (about 80-85%)
- cervical adenocarcinoma (about 15% of cervical cancers )

- cervical small cell carcinoma
- cervical adenosquamous carcinoma
- cervical small cell carcinoma
- cervical neuroendocrine tumour
- cervical glassy cell carcinoma
- cervical villoglandular adenocarcinoma

Though squamous cell carcinoma is the cervical cancer with the most incidence, the incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cervix has been increasing in recent decades.

Examples

- Small cell carinoma of the cervix

Staging

Cervical cancer is staged by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system, which is based on clinical examination, rather than surgical findings.

It allows only the following diagnostic tests to be used in determining the stage: palpation, inspection, colposcopy, endocervical curettage, hysteroscopy, cystoscopy, proctoscopy, intravenous urography, and X-ray examination of the lungs and skeleton, and cervical conization.