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fat-containing thyroid anomalies

Thursday 30 December 2021

fat-containing thyroid lesions

Differential diagnosis

The differential diagnosis of macroscopic fat-containing thyroid lesions mainly includes thyrolipomatosis and amyloid goiter.

The first one is characterized by diffuse infiltration of the normal parenchyma by mature adipose tissue between follicles and no evidence of a capsule. Stromal fibrosis and lymphocytic aggregates are occasionally observed.

Amyloid goiter is associated with systemic disease and histologic evidence of amyloid deposition (confirmed with special stains, e.g. Congo red) both in the thyroid parenchyma and in other organs.

The expression of thyroglobulin and absence of parathormone (PTH) and cytoplasmic glycogen differentiate thyroid adenolipomas from ectopic parathyroid tissue or ectopic parathyroid lipoma.

Other pathologic conditions associated with the presence of adipose tissue are lymphocytic thyroiditis, Grave disease, encapsulated papillary carcinoma and liposarcoma.

See also

- fat-containing anomalies
-  thyroid anomalies

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