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adrenal cysts

Friday 13 January 2006

The adrenal cyst is a rare disease that represents approximately 5% of discovered adrenal lesions, which are usually discovered incidentally.

True adrenal cysts originate to cells from mesothelium.

The potential of cyst adrenal to become malignant has been reported to be 7% and a radical excision of a potentially malignant mass are indicate.

Adrenal epithelial cysts originate to cells from mesothelium that was included in adrenal gland during embryogenesis. When they are symptomatic, symptoms due to compression of adjacent structures may appear and can also simulate cases of renal cysts, splenic cysts, “body” and “tail” of pancreas. His accurate diagnosis is the histological examination.

Types (Exemples)

- adrenal epithelial cysts

Variants

- hemorrhagic adrenal cysts (15080519)
- adrenal macrocysts

Associations

- Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (15080519)

Differential diagnosis

Four types of cystic lesions of adrenals:
- endothelial cysts (45%)
- pseudocysts (39%)
- adrenal epithelial cysts or true cysts (9%)
- parasitic cysts (7%).

See also

- adrenal lesions

  • adrenal cystic lesions

- cystic adrenal tumors
- adrenal anomalies

References

- True adrenal cyst mimicking renal cancer in a young woman: a case report. Schlittler LA, Dallagasperina VW, Carlotto JR, Vilarroel RU, Lazaretti NS. Cases J. 2009 Aug 12;2:7351. PMID: 19918521 [Free]