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digestive neuromuscular diseases

Monday 13 February 2006

Gastrointestinal motor dysfunction, intestinal pseudo-obstruction syndromes, and hollow visceral neuropathy and myopathy were previously considered functional bowel diseases but are now recognized to be organic disorders.

The term "gastrointestinal neuromuscular disease" can be interpreted variably and encompasses a spectrum of paediatric and adult conditions including achalasia, pseudoobstruction, idiopathic constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, megacolon, and Hirschsprung disease.

Types

- digestive neuropathies
- digestive myopathies
- Cajal cell anomalies

References

- New horizons in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal neuromuscular disease. Knowles CH. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Dec;45 Suppl 2:S97-102. PMID: 18185077

- Mathias JR, Clench MH. Neuromuscular diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Specific disorders that often get a nonspecific diagnosis. Postgrad Med. 1995 Mar;97(3):95-8, 101-2, 105-8. PMID: 7877932